Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Feel the Burn: See The Hottest countries in the world

Tired of wearing sweaters all throughout the year and want to flaunt your curves in some tank tops? Well, if winters have kept you under the blankets, then it is high time that you take the next flight and land in some place where it stays warm the whole year!

Today’s blog covers some of the hottest countries where people don’t even know what a sweater is! The following places are taken into consideration based on the highest temperatures ever recorded. So, without further ado, let’s dig deeper!


1. Mali


According to the survey, this country is known to be the hottest country to date with the highest-ever temperature of 54 degrees Celsius. And why wouldn’t it be the hottest when all of its northern parts are nothing but the famous Sahara Desert!

The high temperature is explained by its geographical location. Mali is a landlocked country, surrounded by Senega and Mauritania bordering Burkina Faso.

Even after being one of the largest African countries, Mali is sparsely populated concentrating near the Niger river. The reason behind this is that the Niger river is the main source of their trade and economy. The main occupation of the residents of Mali is agriculture and cattle herding along with fishing being one of their important activities.

Being inside the intertropical area, the country experiences a majorly experiences a hot and humid climate. The whole year has been divided into seasons where the wet season lasts for only 4 months and the rest 8 months is the dry season.


2. Nigeria


Among the rest of the countries on this list, Nigeria is the most populated one. With over 220 million people, Nigeria has become one of the most populated nations worldwide. Therefore, it is quite obvious that with so many people around one just cannot stay cool! Apart from having diversity in its geographical features, the major diversity lies in its people.

It is also one of the west African countries where people speak a lot of languages depending on their tribes. More than 250 ethnic groups are assumed to live here inhabiting a particular area or territory.

The northern and southern parts have distinct physical features which mark them separate from each other. Among all the regions, the Southern part is economically stable.

The climate of Nigeria depends on the area that we are talking about. For the good part of the year, the southeast region stays hot and wet where as the southwest portion is predominantly dry in nature. The north and west favor a savanna type of vegetation and climate while the far north has a steppe climate.


3. Iraq


7 years back, the city of Basra in Iraq was known to record a temperature of 55 degrees Celsius, the highest to date! Although it shares the same latitude as the United States but the summers here can be unbearably hot. However, some of the cities maintain a moderate temperature and are not as hot as Basra.

Iraq is a part of western Asia and the easternmost country among all the other Arab countries. The countries surrounding it from all sides are Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Joran, and Turkey. Being an almost landlocked country, the people there have very less access to water bodies.

The climatic province of Iraq is divided into two portions, one is the lowlands and the alluvial plains which have a hot and arid climate throughout the year and the other is the northeastern portion which stays damp because of the elevations in that area. These elevations are a major factor in the precipitation which consequently helps in agriculture.


4. Thailand


Thailand is the first-ever country from Southeast Asia to have made it into the list with an average temperature of 30 to 32 degrees Celsius. Nobody could believe it when the mercury hit 40 degrees in summer in the year of 2016! Therefore, you can never predict when the tropical climate will suddenly change and act in a completely different manner.

The essence of southeast Asia lies in Thailand with Bangkok being the heart of the country. Thailand is primarily divided into two parts where the northern part is the larger main section and the southern part is just a smaller extension of it. The whole of the peninsular region is under the country till the border of its neighboring country, Malaysia.

Till the month of September Thailand experiences a humid air mass that flows towards the northeastern portion and is responsible for a huge amount of precipitation.

But between November to February, we see a change in the direction of the wind to the southwest, and the texture of the air also changes to that of a dry one. The fluctuations in temperature are predominant in the northern part of the country.


5. Benin


Even though the temperature remains fairly constant and mild but when the temperature rises gradually it makes the environment unbearably hot with the scorching heat of the sun. To date, the highest is 45 degree Celsius, maintaining an annual temperature of 25 degrees Celsius.

Benin is a part of Western Africa surrounded by Burkina Faso, Togo, and Nigeria. It is composed of five areas such as lagoons, tidal marshes, low and flat coastal regions, etc. the Barre country is extended in the backside of the coastal region.

The southern and northern have different seasons. Four seasons are seen in the southern part whereas the northern area has only two seasons. When the humidity reaches a high point, it becomes very uncomfortable for the residents there. Within a year, March is considered to be the hottest month having a mean monthly temperature of 43 degrees Celsius.


6. The Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands

Along with being one of the warmest nations in the world, it is also a very remote nation. Not many people want to go and settle there. Because of the problems in transportation and its remote location, many of the islanders have been packing up their bags.

The Marshall Islands are surrounded by the countries of Kiribati, Nauru, and Wake Island. Although it is a single country, this archipelago is composed of more than 180 coral atolls.

This nation does not receive much rainfall ranging between 25 to 25 inches annually. Mainly, the vegetation is full of breadfruit trees and coconut trees. Rainfall is only seen during October and November.


7. Mauritania


As because this country is surrounded by deserts, the reason for it being on this list is very evident. For the good part of the year, the temperature stays under control but when that hot and dry wind of the desert hits Nouakchott, the capital city, wearing a plain tank top becomes the most painful job for an individual.

Mauritania acts as a linking bridge between Northern Africa and the western portion of the Sahara. It lies on the Atlantic coast of Africa having huge storage of very important minerals such as Gypsum, iron ore, and much more.

The arid trade winds blow continuously in the north across the country and the effect of this wind is intensified by the Harmattan which is discussed in detail under Togo. As expected the area, receives scanty rainfall throughout the whole year.


8. Senegal


This small nation to the south of Mauritania is very famous for its scorching heat during the summer. Previously this country was a part of the cocoa country that is Ghana which gradually got separated.

The hottest day in this country has touched the milestone of 51 degrees Celsius. However, the temperature during summer generally revolves around 30 degrees Celsius.

The tropical latitude of the country greatly influences its climate of the nation. The texture of the winds is identified by their origin. The dry winds originate in the islands and the moist ones are the maritime winds.


9. Tunisia

hottest countries in the world

You won’t believe me if I tell you that the highest recorded temperature was 56 degrees celsius! The hot and dry winds from the desert region make it very difficult for the residents to continue their daily life activities. The whole nation feels the warmth, especially the desert regions. A mean temperature of 34 degrees was observed during the summer season.

The easily accessible coastline of the Mediterranean Sea has made it a beautiful tourist spot. Two sides of this country are bounded by the Mediterranean sea and the rest of the portion by Libya and Algeria.

The northern region has non-intervening seasons that are marked by rainy winters and very hot summers while the southern part experiences a semi-arid type of climate.


10. Kiribati


It is a tiny nation made up of more than 30 pea-sized islands. Out of all the islands, only two-thirds have been inhabited and the rest is left untouched. During summer, the temperature goes as high as 40 degrees bringing in the hot and arid wind throughout.

As the sun is positioned near this place, it hardly experiences any change in its environmental conditions.

The predominant trees on the islands are Coconut palms which form the major portion of the diet od the inhabitants. The toddy extracted from the plants are used for cooking purpose.


11. UAE


Have you ever wondered why people come running to Dubai when winter hits? UAE is known to be one of the hottest countries in the world where the temperature goes high up to 52 degrees Celsius and this is why people come to UAE to save themselves from the spine-chilling winters of their homeland.

The United Arab Emirates was formed in 1971 of six emirates namely, Dubai, Umm Al-Quwain, Abu Dhabi, Fujairah, Ajman, and Sharjah. In 1972, another emirate joined them and it became a federation of seven emirates. Bordering the countries of Oman and Saudi Arabia, we can find UAE on the map in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula.

Along the coast, one may experience a hot and humid climate but as one advances inside the climate gradually becomes dry. Rainfall is as low as 100 to 130 mm per year. At the end of the winter, a wind blows, bearing sand and dust throughout the country.


12. Ghana


Another country belonging to Western Africa has been known as the 12th hottest country in the whole world. Being close to countries like Niger, we are not amazed by the fact that it is listed under the top 15 hottest countries. The yearly temperature ranges from 30 to 35 degrees Celsius which sometimes may exceed 40 degrees Celsius.

Ghana which is located on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea was the first ever African nation to bring back its independence from colonial rule. Besides having a large diversity, Ghana is also famous for its super interesting history which will keep you hooked for hours!

The climate of Ghana is influenced by two air masses, one being formed over the Sahara and the other being formed over the South Atlantic. The place witnessing the convergence of these two winds faces squall precipitation.


13. Tuvalu


The highest-ever temperature recorded in this tiny country was above 41 degrees celsius and the average temperature revolves around 28 to 30 degrees Celsius. Generally, African countries are thought to be among the hottest countries but Tuvalu has broken that myth and is hotter than the rest of the islands.

It is a beautiful place in the west-central Pacific Ocean which is composed of five reef islands and nine coral islands. Ellice islands were the former name of the group of islands in Tuvalu. It has a land area of only 26 sq. kilometers which makes Tuvalu one of the smallest countries in the world.

The period from May to October is a completely dry season followed by a wet season from the month of November. The South Pacific Convergence is an important indicator of the ever-flowing seasonal cycle.

The southern and northern islands vary a lot in their annual rainfall, with the southern part getting drenched more. An average temperature of 20 to 25 degree celsius is observed throughout the twelve months.


14. Togo


This small nation next to Ghana maintains a temperature of 28 to 30 degrees celsius annually. The majority of African countries stay relatively warmer than the rest of the countries because of the dry and warm winds that blow in from the Sahara desert and get settled there.

It is situated in the west of Africa with Lome being its capital. It is made up of six distinct geographical regions and is highly valued for its rich phosphate reserves. Togo derives its economy through the export of cocoa beans, coffee, and peanuts.

Togo maintains a tropical climate as compared to other African nations. The coastal area of Togo is the driest area within the nation receiving only 890 mm of rain annually and the inland receives rainfall of as much as 1800 mm per year. During the dry period, a dust-laden wind known as the Harmattan dominates across the nation.


15. Qatar


The Highest temperature recorded was 48 degrees celsius in the Abu Samra region on the 25th of May, 2021. Although the climate and temperature remain pretty stable, sometimes there might be high fluctuations as a result of changing environmental conditions.

Qatar is a tiny country situated in Southwest Asia. It is a part of the Middle East region. On the map, it can be seen sitting on the Arabian Peninsula and off the coast of the Persian Gulf.

If we talk about the climate, a hot and humid type of environment is observed in between June and September, and the average temperature of 17 degrees celsius is noticed in the months of spring and fall.

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